Born on 2nd August, 1964 at Guwahati. His father Suchendra Nath Bhuyan was a Senior Advocate and a former Advocate General of Assam. Did his schooling in Don Bosco High School, Guwahati and thereafter studied in Cotton College, Guwahati. After graduating in Arts from Kirori Mal College, Delhi, he obtained his LL.B. degree from Government Law College, Guwahati and LL.M. degree from Gauhati University, Guwahati.
Was enrolled on 20-03-1991 with the Bar Council of Assam, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Manipur, Tripura, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh. Had practiced before the Principal Seat of the Gauhati High Court at Guwahati and appeared before the Agartala, Shillong, Kohima and Itanagar Benches of the Gauhati High Court. Also practiced before the Central Administrative Tribunal, Guwahati Bench and the Assam Board of Revenue. Appeared before the Labour Court, Guwahati, various Civil Courts and the State Consumer Forum, Arunachal Pradesh.
He was the Standing Counsel of the Income Tax Department for long 16 years; starting as Junior Standing Counsel since May, 1995 and subsequently appointed as Senior Standing Counsel of the Income Tax Department on 03-12-2008. He was the Additional Government Advocate, Meghalaya in the Principal Seat of the Gauhati High Court from April, 2002 to October, 2006. He was engaged as Special Counsel of the Forest Department, Government of Arunachal Pradesh from December, 2005 to April, 2009. Appointed as Standing Counsel of Gauhati High Court on 03-03-2010. Designated as Senior Advocate by the Gauhati High Court on 06-09-2010. He was appointed as Additional Advocate General, Assam on 21-07-2011.Was a member of Gauhati High Court Bar Association; Lawyers Association, Guwahati; Bar Association of India; All India Federation of Tax Practitioners; and Indian Law Institute, Assam Chapter.
Appointed as Additional Judge of Gauhati High Court on 17th October, 2011 and confirmed on 20th March, 2013. He is also the Executive Chairman of Mizoram State Legal Services Authority.
Justice Ujjal Bhuyan is closely associated with the Judicial Academy, Assam and National Law University, Guwahati. Transferred to Bombay High Court and took oath on 03.10.2019. He had worked as senior most Judge of The Telengana High Court. Took oath as Chief Justice of The Telegana High Court on 28/06/2022.
Elevated as Judge of the Supreme Court and assumed charge on 14th July, 2023.